Fachbeiträge

Sämtliche Fachbeiträge aus den Hydrographischen Nachrichten seit der Ausgabe HN 100 sind online verfügbar.
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New techniques in capturing and modelling of morphological data

Since 2014 the techniques of LiDAR bathymetry have been used for capturing morphological data in Schleswig-Holstein. Round 2000 km. have already been surveyed with these techniques. Data gaps only occur locally in tide ways or low-lying areas, which are needed to be filled by hydrographic surveys. But compared with the bathymetric LiDAR, these surveys have a substantially lower density of points. Hence, it is difficult to merge these data to a morphological model. As a consequence it is necessary to densify the hydrographic data to create a homogeneous model. The mathematical method of Coons patches is suitable for this purpose. The gaps inside the area of hydrographic survey are filled with data points in desired density. The bathymetric information is then calculated using bilinear interpolation. As a result a data set which has a similar point density as the bathymetric LiDAR is created. After the preparation a homogeneous morphological model can be generated by triangulation, based on bathymetric LiDAR on the one hand and hydrographic surveys on the other hand.

coastal protection | LIDAR bathymetry | morphological data model | Coons patches

Ausgabe: HN 105 Seite: 22–25
DOI: 10.23784/HN105-04
Autor/en: Lutz Christiansen

High-resolution, topobathymetric LiDAR coastal zone characterisation

Coastal and tidal environments are valuable ecosystems, which, however, are under pressure in many areas around the world due to globalisation and/or climate change. Detailed mapping of these environments is required in order to manage the coastal zone in a sustainable way. However, historically these transition zones between land and water are difficult or even impossible to map and investigate in high spatial resolution due to the challenging environmental conditions. The new generation of airborne topobathymetric light detection and ranging (LiDAR) potentially enables full-coverage and high-resolution mapping of these land-water transition zones. We have carried out topobathymetric LiDAR surveys in the Knudedyb tidal inlet system in the Danish Wadden Sea and the R.dsand lagoon connected to Fehmarnbelt. Here, we present the preliminary results of these two surveys which were carried out at two locations with different environmental settings. We demonstrate the potential of using airborne topobathymetric LiDAR for seamless mapping of land-water transition zones in challenging coastal environments, e.g. in an environment with high water column turbidity and continuously varying water levels due to tides as well as in an environment characterised by a very heterogeneous surface sediment composition.

topobathymetry | LiDAR | coastal zone | HydroVISH | point cloud classification

Ausgabe: HN 105 Seite: 18–21
DOI: 10.23784/HN105-03
Autor/en: Frank Steinbacher, Ramona Baran, Mikkel S. Andersen, Zyad Al-Hamdani, Laurids R. Larsen, Martin Pfennigbauer, Verner B. Ernsten

Comparison and characteristics of oceanographic in situ measurements and simulations above submerged sand waves in a tidal inlet

Ocean colour and its transparency are related to turbidity caused by substances in water like organic and inorganic material. One of the essential climate variables (ECV) is ocean colour. However, this implies the correct interpretation of observed water quality parameters. Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) data of the three-dimensional current-field, echo intensity, modulation of suspended sediment concentration (SSC), and related water levels and wind velocities have been analysed as a function of water depth above submerged asymmetric compound sand waves during a tidal cycle in the Lister Tief of the German Bight in the North Sea.

ADCP | SSC – suspended sediment concentration | TSM – total suspended sediment | asymmetric compound sand wave | dynamic buoyancy density | action density

Ausgabe: HN 105 Seite: 12–16
DOI: 10.23784/HN105-02
Autor/en: Ingo Hennings, Dagmar Herbers

»I want nothing less than all the physics of the sea chart« – An academic discussion with Mathias Jonas

Dr. Mathias Jonas is Vice President of the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency. The 55 year old National Hydrographer of Germany and Managing Director of the department »Nautical Hydrography« is responsible for national activities in wreck search, sea survey and the issue of related nautical publications. He represents those tasks in various organs of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO). In the interview with Hydrographische Nachrichten the expert for electronic sea charts talks about his preference for paper and about the future of the printed sea chart. And he believes that dealing with the ocean awakes the good in man.

National Hydrographer | IHO | Baltic Sea | S-100 | universal hydrographic data model | standards | sea chart | paper chart

Ausgabe: HN 105 Seite: 6–11
DOI: 10.23784/HN105-01
Autor/en: Mathias Jonas, Lars Schiller, Thomas Dehling